Translation is the conversion of text written in one language to another. Translation involves the interpretation of the text in one language by identifying the meaning of the text, converting them into equivalent text in another language. The converted text should hold information that conveyed in the source text. In the translation process, the text requiring translation is known as the source text and the language of which it should be translated known as the target text. The constraints of both source and target languages should be taken into account while translating textual information. Specific language terms, conventions, the use of phrases and idioms should be familiar for the translator to effectively interpret and translate the text. In this context, a word for word mechanism of translating text is deemed to be ineffective.